Design and Analysis of the Suspension Upright Structure of a Formula SAE Car


Muhammad Izzat Nor Ma’arof1*, Vong Ratanakvisal1, Lim Jin Wei1, Amir Radzi Ab. Ghani2, Girma Tadesse Chala3


1Faculty of Engineering and Quantity Surveying (FEQS), INTI International University, Persiaran Perdana BBN, Putra Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus, Malaysia

2Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia           

            3 International College of Engineering and Management, P.O. Box 2511, C.P.O Seeb 111, Muscat, Oman. 

 

Correspondence author : muhammadIzzat.maarof@newinti.edu.my


AbstractThe suspension system is one of the most important parts of a vehicle. It plays an important role in the absorptions of shocks and impacts. It also determines the safety and rigidity of the rear and front arm connection of vehicle. The objective of this study was to design a new suspension system for a Formula SAE Competition. The scope and parameters are identified with the selection of a racing car wheel and tires and availability of current resources from previous research projects such as car chassis and lower and upper double A-arm. The upright structure was designed in certain steps to reduce weight by minimizing the surface area at the same time by considering the strength of the material. Results showed that the geometry with the lowest stress is at 8.037 MPa with a length of 220 mm and width of 120 mm. The simulation provided a concrete data of how the structure behave with different dimensions but also the most critical point is attaining the equivalent stress of the designed structure. For future studies, improvements can be done by changing the parameters and conduct experimental method to see any deviations from the theoretical/simulation results.

KeywordsSuspension system, upright suspension system, Formula SAE Car, design optimization

Vol.2019:019