Physical Activity Level of White Collar Office Workers in Penang, Malaysia


Veronica Seow Wan Ying1, Thirumalaya Balaraman1*


 1INTI International University, Physical Activity Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Persiaran Perdana BBN, Putra Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.


Corresponding author:



Background: Though the health benefits of Physical Activity (PA) have been proven, the level of physical inactivity has been increasing gradually in the adult population, especially office workers who spend most of their working time in sitting in a chair. But there is insufficient data regarding the physical activity level of office workers in Penang, Malaysia.


The objective of this study is to determine the physical activity level of the white-collar office workers in Penang, Malaysia.                
A cross-sectional study was conducted with 121 office workers from various companies in Penang aged 18 to 65 who were recruited by the convenience sampling method. The physical activity level data were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-short form in English.

Results: The majority of the office workers (66.1%) was in the category of Moderate Physical Activity Level based on the Guidelines for Data Processing and Analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) –Short Form. In this study, a higher percentage of female office workers were in the moderate physical activity category, whereas male office workers reported a higher percentage of high physical activity level.

Conclusion: The majority of the office workers reported moderate amount of physical activity in Penang, Malaysia.

Keywords: Physical Activity, IPAQ, Office Workers