Preparing Leadership, Innovation and Change for 21st Century: Lessons from National Professional Bodies


man keong Sam1,2 and cai juan Soong3*

  1Faculty of Engineering and Quantity Surveying (FEQS), INTI International University, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

2Founder member and also past president of Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists (SIET)

3Faculty of Information Technology and Science (FITS), INTI International University, Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia


Corresponding Author:,



 It is challenging and tedious in managing a non-profit organization (NPO) due to the constantly changing world especially in the 21st century. Data and information were collected via desktop studies and active participation from three NPOs. The history, organizational structure, development, and the changes from these three NPOs were studied. Good lessons were learnt about good leadership for the survival, success and sustainability from these three NPOs. Thus, based on this premise, two new models are developed, and it convinced us that these crucial information and lessons can be right guidance and assistance to unlock frontiers for preparing leadership, innovation and change in 21st century for national professional bodies.

Vol.1, 2018 (11)